My research focuses on experiences of collective victimization. I examine in different contexts of collective violence and oppression how members of targeted groups make sense of these experiences, and how different ways of thinking about the ingroup’s victimization affects attitudes towards other groups (the perpetrator group, but also other minority or victim groups), related policies, and psychological well-being. I also study the psychological experience and consequences of acknowledgment versus denial of the ingroup’s experience, how present-day power relations influences perceptions and responses to historical victimization, and how people engage in resistance to violence and oppression their group is facing.
In collaboration with colleagues and students from different parts of the world and of different backgrounds, I have conducted studies in different contexts, including among Jewish and Armenian Americans, African Americans and members of the Palestinian diaspora, in Burundi, Rwanda, and Eastern D.R.C., India, Hungary and Poland, Northern Ireland and Cyprus, and among refugees in the U.S. These are mostly community samples, and not collected via crowd sourcing methods, and therefore this research takes time. I emphasize and strongly believe in the need to contextualize social psychological research and understand the role of history, culture, and politics (including power) when we develop our research questions, methods, and interpret the findings. My work is also informed and influenced by liberation psychology and the goal of decolonizing psychological science.
I use multiple methods and sources of data in my research, including both quantitative and qualitative approaches. This includes surveys, experiments, hybrid lab-field experiments, archival data, testimonies, interviews, and focus group interviews.