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Binfield, Marnie Ruth. “Bigger than Hip-Hop: Music and Politics in the Hip-Hop Generation.” University of Texas Libraries (online), December 2009. Accessed March 28, 2015.

Blanchard, Becky. “The Social Significance of Rap & Hip-Hop Culture.” Ethics of Development in a Global Environment (EDGE):‘Poverty & Prejudice: Media and Race’. Accessed April 10, 2015.

Coscarelli, Joe. “Kendrick Lamar on His New Album and the Weight of Clarity.” New York Times (online), March 16, 2015. Accessed March 29, 2015.

Ferguson, Ben. “When Yasiin Bey was force-fed Guantánamo Bay-style – eyewitness account.” The Guardian (online), July 9, 2013. Accessed April 10, 2015.

Hughes, Dana. “Hip-Hop in Politics: What a Difference a Generation Makes.” ABC News (online), February 14, 2013. Accessed March 28, 2015.

Kornhaber, Spencer. “Kendrick Lamar Is Not a Hypocrite.” The Atlantic (online), February 11, Accessed April 10, 2015.

Lynch, Marc. “The political theory of Kendrick Lamar.” The Washington Post (online), March 23, 2015. Accessed April 10, 2015.

Poku, Adjoa. “Hip Hop, Technology & Innovation.” [MIT Hip-hop course paper]. Accessed March 29, 2015.

Street, John. Music & Politics. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 2012.

“The Politics of Hip-Hop: Can Rap Change the World?” The Economist (online),June 26, 2008. Accessed March 28, 2015.

*Note: all lyrics were obtained from

**Note: all videos were obtained from