Blog Sources

This page features the multitude of sources our blog posts will pull from. Each source was selected with a great deal of attention in order to supply our blog with accurate and up to date information on the many issues and events that women face worldwide. These sources are a key element in the research and discussions presented in our blog posts. 

Bindra, Tanya. “Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A Global Concern.” UNICEF (2016): n.pag. 12 Oct. 2016.

Campbell, Oona MR, and Wendy J Graham. “Strategies for Reducing Maternal Mortality: Getting on with What Works.” The Lancet 368.9543 (Oct. 2006): 1284–1299. (PDF)

Clark, Shelley, Judith Bruce, and Annie Dude. “Protecting Young Women from HIV/AIDS: The Case against Child and Adolescent Marriage.” International Family Planning Perspectives 32.2 (2006): 79-88. Web.

Dahir, Abdirashid M. “Somalia Women: Happy International Women’s Day.” Garowe Online, 3 August 2016

Doll, Jen. “The Inherent Inequality of Health Care for Women.” The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company, 19 Mar. 2012. Web. 12 Oct. 2016

Filippi, Véronique, et al. “Maternal Health in Poor Countries: The Broader Context and a Call for Action.” The Lancet 368.9546 (Oct. 2006): 1535–1541.

Hāladāra, Bebī. A Life Less Ordinary: A Memoir. New York: Harper Collins, 2007. Print.

Kristof, Nicholas D., and Sheryl WuDunn. Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2009. Print.

Mugini, Jacob. “Tanzania: Tarime Determined to Eradicate FGM by Empowering Women.” Tanzania Daily News. AllAfrica 4 September 2016.

News, BBC. “FGM: Lack of Convictions’ a National Scandal'” BBC News. N.p., 15 Sept. 2016. Web. 08 Oct. 2016.

“News, Sport and Opinion from the Guardian’s UK Edition.” The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, n.d. Web.

NPR Staff. “Transgender Women Face Inadequate Health Care, ‘Shocking’ HIV Rates.” NPR. NPR, 26 July 2015. Web. 12 Oct. 2016.

Osten-Sacken, Thomas Von Der, and Thomas Uwer. “Is Female Genital Mutilation an Islamic Problem?” Middle East Forum. The Middle East Quarterly, Dec. 2007. Web. 08 Oct. 2016

Park, Madison. “A rite of passage that pushes girls into sex.” CNN. CNN, 4 Feb. 2014. Web.

Sauvarin, Josephine. “Maternal and Neonatal Health in East and South East Asia.” Ed. Gudrun Nadoll and Khun Duangurai Sukvichai.  UNFPA, Mar. 2006. Web. Oct.2016.

Thompson, Nick. “Egypt Takes Aim at Female Genital Mutilation.” CNN. Cable News Network, 25 June 2015. Web. 08 Oct. 2016.

“Trends in Maternal Mortality.”  The Maternal Mortality Estimation Inter-Agency Group, 2015. Web. 10 Oct. 2016.

United Nations Children’s Fund, Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A global concern, UNICEF, New York, 2016.

Unknown. “Argentina: Ruling to Release Woman Jailed after Miscarriage, a Step Forward for Human Rights.” Amnesty International USA. Activist Resource Community, 17 Aug. 2016. Web. 12 Oct. 2016.

Unknown. “Health Care & Reproductive Rights Archives – NWLC.” NWLC Health Care Reproductive Rights Issue. National Womens Law Center, n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2016.

Unknown. “The Campaign Against Women.” New York Times. Sunday Review Editorial, 19 May 2012. Web. 12 Oct. 2016.

Unknown. “New Study Shows Female Genital Mutilation Exposes Women and Babies to Significant Risk at Childbirth.” World Health Organization. The Lancet. 2 June 2006

Zaman, Muhammad H. “Maternal Health in Developing Countries: Engineering Approaches and Future Outlook.” IEEE PULSE., 24 Jan. 2015. Web. 07 Oct. 2016.  

Blog Introduction

The overall health of women has impacts on societal factors such as education level attained, income per capita, child health, population growth structure, the spread of diseases such as HIV/AIDS, and others. By looking at women’s rights and health through this lens, our blog will incorporate these issues into the larger development sphere.

These blog posts will draw heavily from all sources to create a comprehensive look at their connections. One blog will focus on the medical impacts of Female Genital Mutilation on women. This blog post will specifically explore the consequences of FGM in terms of childbirth. Another effect of FGM that this blog will delve into is the impact on the victim’s sexuality and the fact that the practice is primarily intended to control women sexually. It will also analyze specifically how the practice has come to be prevalent in the Western world. Other posts will focus on the many cultural practices and traditions that are meant to facilitate the transition of young girls into adulthood, especially in developing countries.

Another important issue this blog will cover is why transgender women are not given adequate health care and are more susceptible to HIV than anyone else. This post will then further analyze and think critically about why women who are more likely to have HIV, are not provided with equal health care. It will also focus on transgender women’s rights to surgeries and what insurance companies can and cannot deny as far as health care rights are concerned.

Additionally, the maternal health posts will analyze the heterogeneity of aspects affecting a woman’s health during pregnancy and cover to what extent certain social and environmental factors play a role in determining the health of a woman and her child. This section will dive into how specific development goals and projects have succeeded in ameliorating dangerous maternal health situations. It will also focus on the policies in different countries regarding women’s healthcare rights, and what impacts they have on the maternal health of women in that country. The various posts will span across a multitude of health related topics such as access to healthcare, HIV, governmental policies and social norms.

Some final posts will focus on the intersectionality of women’s health. Posts will discuss how women’s right to health influences other development issues. In short, these posts will serve to contextualize our knowledge in the large development world. They will draw from sources such as Baby Halder’s Book, Doll’s article discussing women’s health care, and editorial’s that explore the effects of the marginalization of women worldwide.

The information, ideas and larger themes that these blog posts will develop stem from our extensive research and list of sources


About Us

Hannah Brier is a first year student at Clark University from South Portland, Maine. She is undeclared for her major but considering International Development and Social Change or Education. Her topic for this blog is female genital mutilation (FGM), specifically looking at how the practice has come to be practiced in the Western world.


Carly Dillis is a sophomore at Clark University in Worcester, MA. She is an International Development and Social Change major with a Political Science minor. Her blog posts will focus on the intersectionality of women’s health with other development issues such as, education, HIV/AIDS, infant mortality rate, population growth, etc.


Dory McMillan is a first year student at Clark University, from Plainfield, Massachusetts. She is undeclared as of yet, but is considering a major in Public Health. Her blog will focus on maternal health worldwide.


Layan Sherif is a sophomore at at Clark University. She is currently undeclared, but would most probably major in International Development with a concentration in Public Health, and minor in Management. She was born and raised in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Her blog focuses on the practice of sexual cleansing.


Lila Sorenson is a first year student at Clark University from Seattle Washington. As of now she is undeclared for her major, but considering psychology with a possible concentration in women and gender studies. Her blog focuses on the health care rights for transgender women. More specifically focussing on the HIV risks among transgender women, and the lack of health care provided for transgender women in general.


Sara Vera-Cruz is a first year student from Massachusetts  studying International Development. For this blog project, she will analyze the various factors that negatively impact maternal health and how certain development approaches have impacted health rights for women around the globe.


Elyse Wyatt is a first year student at Clark University from Rochester, New York. She is studying International Development and Women’s and Gender Studies, and her blog focuses on the serious impact of female genital mutilation (FGM) on the health of women worldwide.