Welcome to my blog post! In these posts, you can learn more about women’s right and education, specifically in Ghana. The first post will focus on the general idea of the rights of women in Ghana. In the next post, I will pay close attention in discussing how women’s right and education have affected Ghana.
Ghana has made good progress towards increasing access to education and narrowing gender gaps. After a successful pilot in 2004 and in 2005 the Ministry of Education cut the school fees in basic education. Abolishing school fees has a great impact on narrowing gender gaps and has the majority of the population enrolled. The increase in enrollment was higher for girls than for boys. The gender parity index (GPI) has increased from 0.93 to 0.95 around the entire country. Indeed the abolishment of school fees has a positive impact towards the poor.
Ghana is a conservative country, where negative social and cultural perceptions have deeply prevented girls from access to formal education, especially in the northern part of the country. Compared to the past, Ghana’s education system is far more superior and more completed than before. Older generations were unable to receive proper education, which kept them unable to bear related costs of education, including basic needs like food and textbooks as well as the opportunity costs of sending girls to school. Not only that, long distances from home to school is another reason for parents not sending their children to school.
Ghana is a country where boys are more favorable than girls. Thus, girls do not have an equal opportunity to receive education as boys do. In 1997, Ghana’s Ministry of Education established a Girl’s Education Unit within the Ghana Education Service. Ghana puts a great effort in fighting for women’s right and education. The Ministry of Education set up offices in every region and district in order to protect girls’ education rights. One of the achievements that they have done was the abolishment of school fees. Other contributions include providing scholarships, employing female teachers to teach in rural areas, holding different activities for women in order to broaden their vision of the world, along with the publication of a national status report on gender parity in education.
UNGEI in Action
- Advocacy and communication strategies to change negative attitudes towards girls’ education and ensure that those who have respect and authority in the community work towards sensitization.
- Reaching poor and vulnerable children. One major boost has been the introduction of capitation grants, funded partly by the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative but now fully integrated in Ghana’s budget.
- Targeted construction and rehabilitation of schools, classrooms and other facilities, such as separate toilets and urinals for girls and boys.