See Google Scholar Page


Jiao T, Williams CA, De Kauwe MG, Schwalm CR, Medlyn BE (2021) Patterns of post-drought recovery are strongly influenced by drought duration, frequency, post-drought wetness, and bioclimatic setting, Global Change Biology, doi:10.1111/gcb.15788, link.

Feng S, Lauvaux T, Williams CA, Davis KJ, Zhou Y, Baker I, Barkley ZR and Wesloh D (2021) Joint CO2 Mole Fraction and Flux Analysis Confirms Missing Processes in CASA Terrestrial Carbon Uptake Over North America, Global Biogeochemical Cycles 35(7): e2020GB006914. link.

Wei Y, Shrestha R, Pal S, Gerken T, Feng S, McNelis J, et al. (and 44 additional authors including Williams CA) (2021). Atmospheric Carbon and Transport – America (ACT-America) data sets: Description, management, and delivery. Earth and Space Science, 8, e2020EA001634. link.

Drever CR, Cook-Patton SC, Akhter F, Badiou PH, Chmura GL, Davidson SJ, Desjardins RL, Dyk A, Fargione JE, Fellows M, Filewod B, Hessing-Lewis M, Jayasundara S, Keeton WS, Kroeger T, Lark TJ, Le E, Leavitt SM, LeClerc M-E, Lemprière TC, Metsaranta J, McConkey B, Neilson E, St-Laurent GP, Puric-Mladenovic D, Rodrigue S, Soolanayakanahally RY, Spawn SA, Strack M, Smyth C, Thevathasan N, Voicu M, Williams CA, Woodbury PB, Worth DE, Xu Z, Yeo S and Kurz WA (2021) Natural climate solutions for Canada, Science Advances 7(23): eabd6034. link.

Williams CA, Hasler N, Gu H, Zhou Y (2021) Forest Carbon Stocks and Fluxes from the NFCMS, Conterminous USA, 1990-2010. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA.

Zhou Y, Williams CA, Hasler N, Gu H, and Kennedy RE (2021) Beyond biomass to carbon fluxes: application and evaluation of a comprehensive forest carbon monitoring system, Environ. Res. Lett., 16(5), 055026, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/abf06d. link.

Williams CA, Gu H, and Jiao T (2021) Climate impacts of U.S. forest loss span net warming to net cooling, Science Advances, 7(7), eaax8859, doi:10.1126/sciadv.aax8859. link.

Davis KJ, Browell EV, Feng S, Lauvaux T, Obland MD, Pal S, Baier BC, Baker DF, Baker IT, Barkley ZR, Bowman KW, Cui YY, Denning AS, DiGangi JP, Dobler JT, Fried A, Gerken T, Keller K, Lin B, Nehrir AR, Normile CP, O’Dell C W., Ott LE, Roiger A, Schuh AE, Sweeney C, Wei Y, Weir B, Xue M, & Williams CA (2021) The Atmospheric Carbon and Transport (ACT) – America Mission, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, DOI:10.1175/bams-d-20-0300.1. link.


Finzi AC, Giasson M‐A, Barker Plotkin AA, Aber JD, Boose ER, Davidson EA, Dietze MC, Ellison AM, Frey SD, Goldman E, Keenan TF, Melillo JM, Munger JW, Nadelhoffer KJ, Ollinger SV, Orwig DA, Pederson N, Richardson AD, Savage K, Tang J, Thompson JR, Williams CA, Wofsy SC, Zhou Z, and Foster D R. 2020. “Carbon budget of the Harvard Forest Long‐Term Ecological Research site: pattern, process, and response to global change”, Ecological Monographs 90(4):e01423. 10.1002/ecm.1423. link.

Feng S, Lauvaux T, Davis K, Keller K, Zhou Y, Williams CA, Schuh A, Liu J, Baker I (2020) “Seasonal characteristics of model uncertainties from biogenic fluxes, transport, and large-scale boundary inflow in atmospheric CO2 simulations over North America”, Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 124, DOI: 10.1029/2019JD031165. link.

Zhou Y, Williams CA, Lauvaux T, Davis K, Feng S, Baker I, Denning S, Wei Y (2020) “ACT-America: Gridded Ensembles of Surface Biogenic Carbon Fluxes for North America and the Conterminous United States, 2003-2017”, Dataset: ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA.

Zhou Y, Williams CA, Lauvaux T, Davis K, Feng S, Baker I, Denning S, Wei Y (2020) “A multiyear gridded data ensemble of surface biogenic carbon fluxes for North America: evaluation and analysis of results”, Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 125(2), e2019JG005314. link.

Jiao T, Williams CA, Rogan J, Medlyn B (2020) “Drought impacts on Australian vegetation during the Millennium Drought measured with multi-source spaceborne remote sensing”, Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences,


Gu H, Williams CA, Hasler N, Zhou Y (2019) “The Carbon Balance of the Southeastern Forest Sector as Driven by Recent Disturbance Trends”, Dataset: ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA.

Gu H, Williams CA, Hasler N, Zhou Y (2019) “The Carbon Balance of the Southeastern Forest Sector as Driven by Recent Disturbance Trends”, Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 124, doi:10.1029/2018jg004841. link.

Elmes A, Rogan J, Williams CA, Ratick S, Nowak D (2019) “Modeling the potential dispersal of Asian Longhorned Beetle using circuit theory”, The Professional Geographer, 1-15, doi:10.1080/00330124.2019.1611458. link.

Zhou Y, Zhang L, Xiao J, Williams CA, Vitkovskaya I, Bao A (2019) “Spatiotemporal Transition of Institutional and Socioeconomic Impacts on Vegetation Productivity in Central Asia over Last Three Decades”, Science of the Total Environment, 658, 922-935, (pdf copy)


Domke, G., C. A. Williams and contributing authors (2018) “Chapter 9: Forests.” In: Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2): A Sustained Assessment Report. [Cavallaro, N., G. Shrestha, R. Birdsey, M. A. Mayes, R. G. Najjar, S. C. Reed, P. Romero-Lankao, and Z. Zhu (eds.)]. U.S. Global Change Research Program, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 365-398, doi: 10.7930/SOCCR2.2018.Ch9. (full report)

Cooley SS, Williams CA, Fisher JB, Perret J, Halverson GH, Lee CM (2018) “Improving drought assessment by examining landscape response: a case study in Guanacaste, Costa Rica”, Ecological Applications, 29(2), doi:/10.1002/eap.1834. (pdf copy)

Fargione JE, and 38 co-authors including Gu H, and Williams CA (2018) “Natural Climate Solutions for the United States”, Science Advances, Vol. 4, no. 11, eaat1869, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aat1869. (link)

Keenan TF, Williams CA (2018) “The Terrestrial Carbon Sink”, Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 43:219-243, (link).

Cuba N, Rogan J, Lawrence D, Williams CA (2018) “Cross-scale correlation between in-situ measurements of canopy gap fraction and Landsat-derived vegetation indices, with implications for long-term monitoring of seasonal phenology in dry tropical forests using MODIS data“, Remote Sensing 10 (7), 979.

Renchon A, Griebel A, Williams CA, Medlyn B, Duursma R, Barton C, Maier C, Boer M, Isaac P, Tissue D, Resco de Dios V, Pendall E (2018), “Upside-down fluxes Down Under: CO2 net uptake in winter and net source in summer in a temperate evergreen broadleaf woodland”, Biogeosciences, 15, 3703-3716, online.

Elmes A, Rogan J, Roman L, Williams CA, Kulakowski D (2018) “Predictors of mortality for juvenile trees in a residential urban-to-rural cohort in Worcester, MA“, Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 30: 138-151, online.


Cuba N, Lawrence D, Rogan J, Williams CA (2017) “Local variability in the timing and intensity of tropical dry forest deciduousness is explained by differences in forest stand age”, GIScience & Remote Sensing, doi:10.1080/15481603.2017.1403136 (online).

De Kauwe MG, Medlyn BE, Knauer J, Williams CA (2017) “Ideas and Perspectives: How coupled is vegetation to the atmospheric boundary layer?”, Biogeosciences, 14, 4435-4453, doi:10.5194/bg-14-4435-2017 (online).

Knauer J, Zaehle S, Medlyn BE, Reichstein M, Williams CA, Migliavacca M, De Kauwe MG, Werner C, Keitel C, Kolari P, Limousin J-M, Linderson M-L (2017) “Towards physiologically meaningful water-use efficiency estimates from eddy covariance data”, Global Change Biology, doi:10.1111/gcb.13893 (pdf copy).

Elmes A, Rogan J, Williams CA, Ratick S, Nowak D, Martin D (2017) “Effects of Urban Tree Canopy Loss on Land Surface Temperature Magnitude and Timing: Merging Airborne LiDAR, WorldView-2 and Landsat-8 Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) data“, ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (pdf copy).

Jiao T, Williams CA, Ghimire G, Masek J, Gao F, Schaaf C (2017) “Global Climate Forcing from Albedo Change Caused by Large-Scale Deforestation and Reforestation: Quantification and Attribution of Geographic Variation“, Climatic Change, DOI: 10.1007/s10584-017-1962-8 (pdf copy).

Medlyn BE, De Kauwe MG, Lin Y-S, Knauer J, Duursma RA, Williams CA, Arneth A, Clement R, Isaac P, Limousin J-M, Linderson M-L, Meir P, St Martin-Paul, N, van Gorsel E, Wingate L (2017) “How do leaf and ecosystem measures of water-use efficiency compare?New Phytologist, 216(3), 758-770, doi: 10.1111/nph.14626 (pdf copy).

Kappel AP, Trotter RT, Rogan J, Williams CA (2017) “Mapping of the Asian Longhorned Beetle’s Time to Maturity and Invasion Risk for the Contiguous United States“, Biological Invasions, DOI: 10.1007/s10530-017-1398-0 (pdf copy).


Keenan TF, Prentice IC, Canadell JG, Williams CA, Wang H, Raupach M, Collatz GJ (2016) “Recent pause in the growth rate of atmospheric CO2 due to enhanced terrestrial uptake“, Nature Communications, online, doi:10.1038/ncomms13428 (pdf copy).

Novick KA, Ficklin DL, Stoy PC, Williams CA, Bohrer G, Oishi AC, Papuga SA, Blanken PD, Noormets A, Sulman B, Scott RL, Wang L, Phillips RP (2016) “On the rising importance of atmospheric demand as a constraint on ecosystem productivity and plant water use“, Nature Climate Change, Online Publication 09/05/2016, (pdf copy).

Schimel D, Sellers P, Moore III B, and co-authors including Williams CA (2016), “Observing the carbon-climate system“, arXiv preprint arXiv: 1604.02106.

Williams CA, Gu H, MacLean R, Masek J, Collatz GJ (2016) “Disturbance and the Carbon Balance of US Forests: A Quantitative Review of Impacts from Harvests, Fires, Insects, and Droughts“, Global and Planetary Change, 143: 66-80, doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2016.06.002. (pdf copy).

Gu H, Williams CA, Ghimire B, Zhao F, Huang C (2016) “High-resolution mapping of time since disturbance and forest carbon flux from remote sensing and inventory data to assess harvest, fire, and beetle disturbance legacies in the Pacific Northwest“, Biogeosciences, 13(22):6321-6337, doi:10.5194/bg-2016-163. (web copy, or pdf)


van Dijk AIJM, Gash JH, van Gorsel E, and FLUXNET Synthesis Group members including: Williams CA (2015) “Rainfall interception and the coupled surface water and energy balance“, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 214-215: 402-415. (pdf copy)

Bahn M, Reichstein M, Guan K, Moreno JM, Williams CA (2015) “Preface: Climate extremes and biogeochemical cycles in the terrestrial biosphere: impacts and feedbacks across scales“, Biogeosciences, 08/2015; 12(15):4827-4830, doi: 10.5194/bg-12-4827-2015. (pdf copy)

Ghimire B, Williams CA, Collatz GJ, Vanderhoof M, Rogan J, Kulakowski D, Masek JG (2015) “Large Carbon Release Legacy from Bark Beetle Outbreaks across Western United States“, Global Change Biology, 21(8):1-15, doi: 10.111/gcb.12933. (pdf copy)

Ghimire B, Williams CA, Masek J, Gao F, Wang Z, Schaaf C, He T (2015) “Global albedo change and radiative cooling from anthropogenic land-cover change, 1700 to 2005 based on MODIS, land-use harmonization, radiative kernels, and reanalysis“, Geophysical Research Letters, doi: 10.1002/2014GL-61671. (pdf copy)


Williams CA (2014) “Heat and drought extremes likely to stress ecosystem productivity equally or more in a warmer, CO2 rich future“, Environmental Research Letters, 9, 101002, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/10/101002. (pdf copy)

Gao F, He T, Wang Z, Ghimire B, Shuai Y, Masek J, Schaaf C, Williams CA (2014) “Multi-scale Climatological Albedo Look-up Maps Derived from MODIS BRDF/Albedo Products“, Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, 8(1), 083532, doi:10.1117/1.JRS.8.083532. (pdf copy).

Vanderhoof ME, Williams CA (2014, online) “Persistence of evapotranspiration impacts from mountain pine beetle outbreaks in lodgepole pine forests, south-central Rocky Mountains“, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 200: 78-91. (pdf copy).

Khomik M, Williams CA, Vanderhoof MK, MacLean R, Dillen SY (2014) “On the causes of rising gross ecosystem productivity in a regenerating clearcut environment: leaf area, species composition, or environmental conditions“, Tree Physiology, doi:10.1093/treephys/tpu-049 (pdf copy).

Vanderhoof ME, Williams CA, Shuai Y, Jarvis D, Kulakowski D, Masek J (2014) “Albedo-induced radiative forcing from mountain pine beetle outbreaks in forests, south-central Rocky Mountains: magnitude, persistence, and relation to outbreak severity“, Biogeosciences, 11, 563-575, doi:10.5194/bg-11-563-2014 (web copy).

Liu L, Jafarov EE, Schaefer KM, Jones BM, Zebker HA, Williams CA, Rogan J, Zhang T (2014) “InSAR detects increase in surface subsidence caused by an Arctic tundra fire“, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2014GL060533. (pdf copy).

Williams CA, Collatz GJ, Masek J, Huang C, Goward S (2014) “Impacts of disturbance history on forest carbon stocks and fluxes: merging satellite disturbance mapping with forest inventory data in a carbon cycle model framework“, Remote Sensing of Environment, 151: 57-71. (web copy).


Chen B, Arain MA, Khomik M, Trofymow JA, Grant RF, Kurz WA, Yeluripati J, Wang Z (2013) “Evaluating the impacts of climate variability and disturbance regimes on the historic carbon budget of a forest landscape“, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 180, 15 October 2013, Pp. 265-280.

Vanderhoof ME, Williams C, Ghimire B, Rogan J (2013) “Impact of mountain pine beetle outbreaks on forest albedo and radiative forcing as dervied from MODIS, Rocky Mountains, USA“, Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 118: 1-11, doi:10.1002/jgrg.20120, (pdf copy).

Williams CA,Vanderhoof M, Khomik M, Ghimire B (2013) “Post-clearcut dynamics of carbon, water and energy exchanges in a mid-latitude temperate, deciduous broadleaf forest environment“, Global Change Biology, 20: 992-1007, DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12388 (pdf copy).

Panday PK, Williams CA, Frey KE, Brown ME (2013) “Application and evaluation of a snowmelt runoff model in the Tamor River basin, eastern Himalaya using a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) data assimilation approach“, Hydrological Processes, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.10005 (pdf copy)

Valentini R, Arneth A, Bombelli A, Castaldi S, Cazzolla Gatti R, Chevallier F, Ciais P, Grieco E, Hartmann J, Henry M, Houghton RA, Jung M, Kutsch WL, Malhi Y, Mayorga E, Merbold L, Papale D, Peylin P, Raymond PA, Santini M, Sitch S, Vaglio Laurin G, van der Werf GR, Williams CA, Scholes RJ (2013) “The full greenhouse gases budget of Africa: synthesis, uncertainties and vulnerabilities“, Biogeosciences-Discussions, 10, 8343–8413, doi:10.5194/bgd-10-8343-2013 (web copy).

Marshall M, Tu K, Funk C, Michaelsen J, Williams P, Williams CA, Ardö J, Marie B, Cappelaere B, de Grandcourt A, Nickless, A, Nouvellon Y, Scholes R, Kutsch W (2013) “Improving operational land surface model canopy evapotranspiration in Africa using a direct remote sensing approach”, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 17, 1079-1091, doi:10.5194/hess-17-1079-2013. (pdf copy)

Vanderhoof M, Williams CA, Pasay M, Ghimire B (2013) “Controls on the rate of CO2 emission from woody debris in clearcut and coniferous forest environments of central Massachusetts“, Biogeochemistry, 114:299-311, DOI: 10.1007/s10533-012-9810-4. (pdf copy)

Cuba N, Rogan J, Christman Z, Williams CA, Schneider L, Lawrence D (2013) “Modelling dry season deciduousness in Mexican Yucatan forest using MODIS EVI data (2000-2011), GIScience & Remote Sensing, DOI:10.1080/15481603.2013.778559. (pdf copy)


Ghimire B, Williams CA, Collatz GJ, Vanderhoof M (2012) “Fire-induced carbon emissions and regrowth uptake in western U.S. forests: Documenting variation across forest types, fire severity, and climate regions“, Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 117, G03036, doi:10.1029/2011JG001935. (pdf copy)

Schwalm CR, Williams CA, Schaefer K, Baldocchi D, Black TA, Goldstein AT, Law BE, Meyers T, Monson RK, Oechel WC, Paw-U KT, Scott RL (2012) “Reduction in Carbon Uptake during Turn of the Century Drought in Western North America“, Nature-Geoscience, doi:10.1038/NGEO1529, Published Online 29 July. (pdf copy)

Schaefer K, Schwalm C, Williams CA, et al. (2012) “A model-data comparison of Gross Primary Productivity: Results from the North American Carbon Program Site Synthesis“, Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 117, G03010, 15 pp., doi:10.1029/2012JG001960. (pdf copy)

Williams CA, Reichstein M, Buchmann N, Baldocchi D, Beer C, Schwalm C, Wohlfahrt G, Hasler N, Bernhofer C, Foken T, Papale D, Schymanski S, Schaefer K (2012) “Climate and vegetation controls on the surface water balance: synthesis of evapotranspiration measured across a global network of flux towers”, Water Resources Research, 48, W06523 doi:10.1029/2011WR011586. (pdf copy)

Williams CA, Collatz GJ, Masek J (2012) “Carbon consequences of forest disturbance and recovery across the conterminous United States”, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, doi:10.1029/2010GB003947. (pdf copy)


Schwalm CR, Williams CA, Schaefer K (2011) “Carbon consequences of global hydrologic change, 1948-2009”, Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 116, G03042, doi:10.1029/2011JG001674.(pdf copy)

Schwalm CR, Williams CA, Schaefer K, Baker I, Collatz GJ, Roedenbeck C (2011) “Does terrestrial drought explain global CO2 flux anomalies induced by El Niño?”, Biogeosciences, 8, 4209-4238. (pdf copy)

Jung M, Reichstein M, Cescatti A, Richardson A, Margolis H, Arain A, Arneth A, Bonal D, Chen J, Gianelle D, Gobron N, Kiely G, Kutsch W, Lasslop G, Law B, Lindroth A, Merbold L, Montanani L, Moors E, Papale D, Sottocornola M, Vaccari F, Williams C (2011) “Global patterns of land biosphere – atmosphere fluxes derived from upscaling FLUXNET observations”, Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 116, G00J07, doi:10.1029/2010JG001566. (pdf copy)

Williams CA, Hanan NP (2011) “ENSO and IOD teleconnections for African ecosystems: Evidence of destructive interference between climate oscillations”, Biogeosciences, 8: 27-40, doi: 10.5194/bgd-7-6323-2010. (pdf copy)


Williams CA (2010) “Integration of remote sensing and modeling to understand carbon fluxes and climate interactions in Africa”, In: Ecosystem Function in Global Savannas: Measurement and Modeling at Landscape to Global Scales, Ed. M.J. Hill and N.P. Hanan, CRC Taylor and Francis.

Hanan NP, Boulain N, Williams CA, Scholes RJ, Archibald S (2010) “Functional convergence in ecosystem carbon exchange in adjacent savanna vegetation types of the Kruger National Park, South Africa”, In: Ecosystem Function in Global Savannas: Measurement and Modeling at Landscape to Global Scales, Ed. M.J. Hill and N.P. Hanan, CRC Taylor and Francis.

Jung M, Reichstein M, Ciais P, Seneviratne SI, Sheffield J, Bonan G, Cescatti A, Chen J, de Jeu R, Dolman H, Eugster W, Gerten D, Gianelle D, Gobron N, Goulden ML, Heinke J, Kimball J, Law BE, Montagnani L, Mu Q, Mueller B, Oleson K, Papale D, Richardson AD, Roupsard O, Running S, Tomelleri E, Viovy N, Weber U, Williams CA, Wood E, Zaehle S, Zhang K (2010) “A recent decline in the global land evapotranspiration trend due to limited moisture supply”, Nature, 467: 951-954, doi:10.1038/nature09396.

Schwalm CR, Williams CA, Schaefer K, and 45 co-authors (2010) “A model-data intercomparison of CO2 exchange across North America: Results from the North American Carbon Program site synthesis”, Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 115: G00H05, doi: 10.1029/2009JG001229. (pdf copy)

Yi C, Ricciuto D, and over 100 co-authors including Williams CA (2010) “Climate control of terrestrial carbon exchange”, Environmental Research Letters, 5: 034007, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/5/3/034007.

Beer C, Reichstein M, Tomelleri E, Ciais P, Jung M, Carvalhais N, Rödenbeck C, Altaf Arain M, Baldocchi D, Bonan GB, Bondeau A, Cescatti A, Lasslop G, Lindroth A, Lomas M, Luyssaert S, Margolis H, Oleson KW, Roupsard O, Veenendaal E, Viovy N, Williams CA, Woodward I, Papale D (2010) “Terrestrial gross carbon dioxide uptake: Global distribution and co-variation with climate”, Science, 329 (5993): 834-838, doi: 10.1126/science.1184984.

Schwalm CR, Williams CA, Schaefer K, Arneth A, Bonal D, Buchmann N, Chen J, Law BE, Lindroth A, Luyssaert S, Reichstein M, Richardson AD (2010) “Assimilation exceeds respiration sensitivity to drought: A FLUXNET synthesis”, Global Change Biology, 16, 657-670, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.01991.x. (pdf copy)


Williams CA, Hanan N, Scholes RJ, Kutsch W (2009) “Complexity in water and carbon dioxide fluxes following rain pulses in an African savanna”, Oecologia, 161(3): 469-480, doi: DOI 10.1007/s00442-009-1405-y. (pdf copy)

Beer C, Ciais P, Reichstein M, Baldocchi D, Law BE, Papale D, Soussana J-F, Ammann C, Buchmann N, Frank D, Gianelle D, Janssens IA, Knohl A, Koestern B, Moors E, Roupsard O, Verbeeck H, Vesala T, Williams CA, Wohlfahrt G (2009) “Temporal and among-site variability of inherent water-use efficiency at the ecosystem scale”, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23, GB2018, doi:10.1029/2008GB003233. (pdf copy)

Archibald SA, Kirton A, van der Merwe MR, Scholes RJ, Williams CA, Hanan N (2009) “Drivers of interannual variability in Net Ecosystem Exchange in a semi-arid savanna ecosystem, South Africa”, Biogeosciences, 6, 251-266. (pdf copy)


Kutsch WL, Hanan NP, Scholes RJ, McHugh I, Khubeka W, Eckhardt H, Williams CA (2008) “Response of carbon fluxes to water relations in a savanna ecosystem in South Africa”, Biogeosciences, 5, 1797-1808. (pdf copy)

Williams CA, Hanan NP, Baker I, Collatz GJ, Berry JA, Denning AS (2008) “Interannual variability of photosynthesis across Africa and its attribution”, Journal of Geophysical Research 113, G04015, doi:10.1029/2008JG000718. (pdf copy)


Williams CA, Hanan NP, Neff JC, Scholes RJ, Berry JA, Denning AS, Baker DF (2007) “Africa and the global carbon cycle”, Carbon Balance and Management, 2:3, doi:10.1186/1750-0680-2-3. (pdf copy)

Williams CA, Scanlon TM, Albertson JD (2007) “Influence of surface heterogeneity on scalar dissimilarity in the roughness sublayer”, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 122(1):149-165,  doi:10.1007.s10546-006-9097-x. (pdf copy)


Teuling AJ, Seneviratne SI, Williams CA, Troch PA (2006) “Observed timescales of evapotranspiration response to soil moisture”, Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L23403, doi:10.1029/2006GL028178. (pdf copy)

Williams CA, Albertson JD (2006) “Dynamical effects of the statistical structure of annual rainfall on dryland vegetation”, Global Change Biology, 12, 777–792, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006.01111.x. (pdf copy)

Emanuel RE, Albertson JD, Epstein HE, Williams CA (2006) “Carbon dioxide exchange and early old-field succession”, Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, G01011, doi: 10.1029/2005JG000069. (pdf copy)

Albertson JD, Williams CA, Scanlon TM, and Montaldo N (2006) “Soil moisture controls on water and carbon fluxes in semi-arid regions”, In: Dryland Ecohydrology, eds. P. D’Odorico, A. Porporato, Springer, Netherlands, pp. 67-83.


Williams CA, Cooper DJ (2005) “Mechanisms of riparian cottonwood decline along regulated rivers”, Ecosystems, 8: 1-14, doi:10.1007/s10021-003-0072-9. (pdf copy)

Williams CA, Albertson JD (2005) “Contrasting short- and long-timescale effects of vegetation dynamics on water and carbon fluxes in water-limited ecosystems”, Water Resources Research 41, W06005, doi:10.1029/2004WR003750. (pdf copy)

2004 and earlier

Williams CA, Albertson JD (2004) “Soil moisture controls on canopy-scale water and carbon  fluxes in an African savanna”, Water Resources Research, 40, W09302, doi:10.1029/2004WR003208. (pdf copy)

Williams CA (2004) “Hydrologic controls on vegetation function and structure in water-limited systems”, Ph.D.Dissertation, Duke University, pp. 205.

Binkley, D., Ice GG, Kaye J, and Williams CA (2004) “Nitrogen and Phosphorous concentrations in forest streams of the United States”, Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 40(5):1277-1291. (pdf copy)

Scanlon, TM, Albertson JD, Caylor KK, and Williams CA (2002) “Determining land surface fractional cover from NDVI and rainfall time series for a savanna ecosystem”, Remote Sensing of Environment, 82(2-3): 376-388. (pdf copy)

Williams CA (2000) “Comparison of floodplain hydrology and cottonwood water relations between a regulated and an unregulated river in northwestern Colorado”, MS Thesis, Colorado State University.